All you need to know about Hyperpigmentation- Causes, treatments and home remedies
Hyper pigmentation is the darkening of some patches of the skin compared to the surrounding areas. There are different types of hyperpigmentation which include age spots, melisma and pigmentation that occurs after inflammation. There are different causes and treatments of the different types of hyperpigmentation.
What is hyper pigmentation?
Melanin is the compound that gives the skin its color, and when the skin produces more melanin some spots or patches become darker than the surrounding skin. It can occur due to exposure of some parts of the skin to sunlight. These are known as melisma or sun spots. The other type of hyperpigmentation is due to injury or skin inflammation like cuts, acne, burns, or lupus. These can occur anywhere on the body.
How to treat hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is harmless, but it spoils the appearance of the person and this is the reason why people want to get rid of it. If you wish to prevent the occurrence of hyperpigmentation or prevent it from increasing you need to take certain measures such as
- To avoid sun spots, you should avoid exposing your skin to the sun. If you go out in the sun then, don’t forget to apply a sun screen lotion with SPF of 30 or more.
- If you want to avoid getting hyperpigmentation after injury then you should avoid picking at spots, scabs and acne.
The most common treatment for hyperpigmentation is topical application of creams and lotions that contain – azelaic acid, corticosteroids, kojic acid, hydroquinone, vitamin C, retinoids like tretinoin.
If the problem of hyper pigmentation is severe and does not respond to these topical applications then there are some treatments like laser therapy, chemical peels, intense pulsed light, or microdermabrasion. If you want to opt for any of these treatments then you should discuss the procedure and other details like possible side effects with a dermatologist.
Home remedies for hyperpigmentation
Some herbal treatments are also known to help with hyperpigmentation. These methods are usually harmless and have no side effects. However, to make sure that you are not allergic to any of them, you should first apply the product on a small patch of skin and stop using it if it irritates the skin.
Aloe Vera – A compound called Aloesin present in Aloe vera lightens the skin and reduces hyperpigmentation. It inhibits the production of melanin in the skin. According to a study it was proved that aloe vera capsules relieve melisma in women. It is also a good option to apply aloe vera gel from the plant directly to the skin every day. Application of aloe vera on the skin also has other benefits like it moisturizes the skin, soothes irritate
Licorice – The licorice extract called glabridin has the properties of being anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant and skin whitening. It is a good idea to apply creams with glabridin on the affected area to reduce hyperpigmentation.
Glutathione- Glutathione is known to reduce the production of melanin in body. Hence, adding glutathione rich foods to the diet can help combat hyperpigmentation. You can also Glutathione supplement to the diet in combination with Vitamin C as it works in synergy and helps the body to absorb Glutathione better. Chicnutrix Glow is Skin Glow and Radiance supplement containing 500mg Glutathione and 40mg of Vitamin C, which will reduce melanin production, prevent dark spots and give a healthy glowing and radiant skin. It has clinically proven ingredients and dermatologist approved, completely safe to consume unless allergic to any specific ingredient, 100% vegan with no added sugar.
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You need not live with the unaesthetic effects of hyperpigmentation and something as simple as increasing your intake of Glutathione and vitamin C or applying Vitamin C on the affected area can be useful in reducing this problem. The other methods of treating this problem can be expensive, but such simple methods can give you the desired result of reducing hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation can also occur due to hormones and in such case or if you are facing severe hyperpigmentation, please do consult your dermatologist.